ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) is the national space agency of India. It was founded in 1969 with the goal of developing space technology and its applications for national development.
ISRO is headquartered in Bangalore, India, and has several centers located across the country. It is responsible for the development of various space technologies, including launch vehicles, satellites, and applications for remote sensing, communication, and meteorology.
Some of the notable achievements of ISRO include launching the Mars Orbiter Mission, also known as Mangalyaan, which made India the first country to successfully reach Mars on its first attempt, and launching the Chandrayaan-1 mission to the Moon, which made India the fourth country to place a spacecraft in lunar orbit.
Below are some of isro upcoming launches, hence Stay tuned
ISRO upcoming mission
Launch date: The launch of NISAR is scheduled for 2023.
Payload: NISAR will carry a dual-frequency (L-band and S-band) SAR instrument.
Objectives: The primary objectives of the NISAR mission are to observe and measure changes in land surface elevation, the motion of ice masses, and the dynamics of Earth's ecosystems.
Applications: NISAR will be used for a variety of applications, including disaster management, monitoring of agricultural practices, and studying the effects of climate change.
Orbit: NISAR will be placed in a Sun-synchronous orbit, which means that it will pass over any given point on Earth at the same local time each day.
Partners: The NISAR mission is a joint collaboration between NASA and ISRO, with NASA providing the L-band SAR and ISRO providing the S-band SAR.
Cost: The total cost of the NISAR mission is estimated to be around $1.5 billion.
Data sharing: The data collected by the NISAR mission will be freely available to the scientific community worldwide, allowing researchers to study and understand Earth's processes more deeply.
ADITYA-L1 is a planned mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) to study the Sun's corona, the outermost layer of the Sun's atmosphere. Here are some details on the ADITYA-L1 mission:
Launch date: The launch of ADITYA-L1 is planned for 2022.
Payload: ADITYA-L1 will carry seven scientific payloads, including a coronagraph, which will study the solar corona, and a magnetometer, which will measure the magnetic field of the Sun.
Objectives: The primary objective of the ADITYA-L1 mission is to study the dynamics of the solar corona, including the origin and evolution of coronal mass ejections, which are large eruptions of plasma and magnetic fields from the Sun's corona that can impact Earth's space environment.
Orbit: ADITYA-L1 will be placed in a halo orbit around the first Lagrangian point (L1), which is a point in space located approximately 1.5 million kilometres from Earth towards the Sun. This orbit will provide a continuous view of the Sun's corona.
Partners: The ADITYA-L1 mission is a solely ISRO mission.
Cost: The total cost of the ADITYA-L1 mission is estimated to be around 400 crores (approximately 55 million USD).
Data sharing: The data collected by the ADITYA-L1 mission will be available to the scientific community worldwide, allowing researchers to study and understand the dynamics of the Sun's corona more deeply.
Chandrayaan-3 is a planned lunar exploration mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). Here are some details on the Chandrayaan-3 mission:
Launch date: The launch of Chandrayaan-3 is planned for the first half of 2024.
Payload: Chandrayaan-3 will carry a lander and a rover, similar to the payloads of Chandrayaan-2. However, some modifications are expected to be made to the payloads based on the lessons learned from Chandrayaan-2.
Objectives: The primary objective of the Chandrayaan-3 mission is to land a rover on the lunar surface and carry out scientific experiments to study the composition of the lunar soil and the distribution of elements on the Moon's surface.
Landing site: The landing site for Chandrayaan-3 has not yet been announced by ISRO.
Partners: The Chandrayaan-3 mission is a solely ISRO mission.
Cost: The total cost of the Chandrayaan-3 mission is estimated to be around 610 crores (approximately 85 million USD).
Data sharing: The data collected by the Chandrayaan-3 mission will be available to the scientific community worldwide, allowing researchers to study and understand the Moon more deeply.
SPADEX (SPectral Analysis of the Deep Space EXplorer) is a planned mission by the European Space Agency (ESA) to study the interstellar medium (ISM) and the processes involved in the formation and evolution of galaxies. Here are some details on the SPADEX mission:
Launch date: The launch of SPADEX is planned for the early 2030s.
Payload: SPADEX will carry a high-resolution ultraviolet (UV) spectrograph and a far-ultraviolet (FUV) spectrograph.
Objectives: The primary objective of the SPADEX mission is to study the ISM in our Milky Way galaxy and nearby galaxies, including the physical and chemical processes that occur in the ISM, the formation and evolution of dust grains, and the origin and distribution of complex molecules. SPADEX will also investigate the role of the ISM in galaxy formation and evolution.
Orbit: SPADEX will be placed in a highly elliptical orbit around the L2 Lagrange point, which is located approximately 1.5 million kilometres from Earth on the opposite side of the Sun.
Partners: The SPADEX mission is a solely ESA mission.
Cost: The total cost of the SPADEX mission is estimated to be around 1.5 billion euros (approximately 1.8 billion USD).
Data sharing: The data collected by the SPADEX mission will be available to the scientific community worldwide, allowing researchers to study and understand the ISM and galaxy formation and evolution more deeply.